It is widely believed that the game of golf originated in Scotland during the mid-1400s. The Scottish later established written rules for the game during the 1700s, which helped codify the sport. In the United States, the popularity of golf increased dramatically during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As the American culture became more modernized, upper-class businessmen used the sport as a diversion from employment stressors. The growth of private clubs, resort hotels, and technological advancements stimulated the popularity of the game. Unlike many contact sports that were considered too dangerous, golf was an acceptable form of recreation for women during the era, which was also a significant variable for its expansion in the United States.

Women emerged as golf professionals during the early ...

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