Ghana has a total population of 23.4 million and an annual growth rate of 2.1 percent. Although it is a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana has recently achieved impressive gains in economic growth and poverty reduction, with an average economic growth of more than 5 percent since 2001. Income inequality across regions and between men and women, however, remains high and has even increased during the period of economic growth beginning in the 1990s. Women continue to earn much less than men, and poor women are the most economically vulnerable subset of the population.

Almost half of Ghana's population lives in urban areas. Rural-urban migrations continue unabated, putting pressure on the already high urban unemployment levels. Both men and women play substantial economic roles in ...

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