Gender reassignment surgery (GRS) is a procedure that changes genital organs from one gender to another. Some transsexual people opt for reassignment surgery to better align their physical sexual characteristics with their gender identity, but it may also be performed on intersex people, often in infancy. GRS includes feminizing genitoplasty or penectomy, orchiectomy/orchidectomy, and vaginoplasty for trans women (male to female). In the case of trans men, genital reconstruction may involve either construction of a penis (phalloplasty) or metoidioplasty (an alternative to phalloplasty). To be more precise, penectomy is the complete (or sometimes partial) removal of the penis. Orchiectomy is the surgical removal of one or both testicles, or testes, in the human male. It is also called an orchidectomy, particularly in British ...

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