Gender dysphoria is a condition in which a person feels dissatisfied with the biological sex assigned to them at birth. A person experiencing gender dysphoria typically identifies more with the sex they were not assigned and even feels an aversion to behaviors typically associated with the gender they were assigned at birth. Most scholars believe that people are born with gender dysphoria but have also documented cases in which the dysphoria does not occur until adolescence or (most uncommonly) in adulthood. Women experiencing gender dysphoria, like men in the same situation, can suffer from low self-esteem, emotional strain, and even physical pain.

Many important developments concerning gender dysphoria have occurred since the start of the 21st century. Contemporary society allows for more open discussion about gender ...

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