To be born a man or a woman in any society is more than a simple biological fact.

The differences between men and women may be divided into two large sections: one having to do with sex and the other concerned with gender. Sex is determined by the specific nature in the characters that, within the same species, distinguish persons differently concerning the reproductive function: hormonal levels, internal and external sexual organs, reproductive capacity, and so on. Gender, a term used for the first time in scientific discourse by Gayle Rubin in the article “The Traffic in Women” to indicate the set of the processes and forms of behavior and relationship with which society transforms sexual bodies and organizes the division of roles and tasks between ...

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