The Freedom of Choice Act was first introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives on January 21, 2004, by Congressman Jerrold Nadler (D-NY), and in the Senate on January 22, 2004 by Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) during the 108th session of Congress, and was designed to reinforce the Roe v. Wade decision.

The Freedom of Choice Act specifically states that a woman has the right to choose to bear a child, to terminate a pregnancy before the fetus is viable, or to terminate a pregnancy after the fetus is viable when necessary to protect her own life or health. Additionally, it states that federal, state, and local governments may not deny or interfere with a woman's right to make these choices, nor may they ...

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