Chile is a country of 16.6 million inhabitants that is located along the western coast of South America. The people of Chile are primarily Roman Catholic, and the country has a reputation for being socially conservative among its Latin American peers.

Chile experienced stable democratic rule during much of the 20th century until Augusto Pinochet led a military coup in 1973 to end the Marxist, democratically elected government of Salvador Allende. Pinochet was right wing in his approach to economics and politics, so he championed the traditional role of women as wives and mothers in the home. After democracy returned to Chile in 1990, a center-left coalition governed during the 1990s and 2000s allowing women's roles in society to evolve. In 2004, a centuries-old ...

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