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Ethnic enclaves are singular demographic and spatial fixtures that contribute to the multicultural makeup, restructuring, and revitalization of urban metropolitan centers throughout the world. Some, like the Jewish mellah of North Africa or the Armenian quarter in Jerusalem, date back to the premedieval era, whereas others, like the Fujianese enclave of Hong Kong, the Slavic neighborhood in Kansas City, the Japanese area in São Paulo, or the Surinamese district in Amsterdam, are of a more recent origin. These neighborhoods of globalization, because they are multicultural sites and engaged in various forms of transnational relations, are diasporic communities with an ancestral homeland, were politically incorporated into the new country when the territory they shared with other groups became a nation-state, or both. They are ethnic or ...

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