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Heritage is that which is handed down from the past; it is what a people have inherited from their ancestors. Particular to a time and a place, cultural heritage expresses the cumulative knowledge and experience of generations, affirming and enriching cultural identities. As a repository of human knowledge, and a record of human achievement, cultural heritage is often considered to be the legacy not only of a community or a nation but of humankind.

Cultural heritage is commonly comprised of historic monuments, museums, archaeological sites, and masterpieces of art and architecture. More broadly conceived, it includes the natural environment, flora and fauna, and natural features and water systems specific to a place and a time, as well as a broad variety of material things and immaterial ...

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