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The concept of crime is used to refer to patterns of behaviors that violate the values, norms, and laws of the society in which they take place. The study of the definition, correlates, and consequences of crime has a long tradition in social sciences, and in this entry, consistent with the aim of the encyclopedia, the focus is on the understanding of the link between urbanism and crime, looking at the central perspectives that explain crime rates and victimization, as well as the consequences of crime in globalized urban society.


The definition of crime implies that unlawful behavior is socially defined, and there is variation between societies (e.g., in Korea adultery is a crime, whereas in most Western countries it is not; in some countries gambling ...

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