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The human appropriation of resources—whether they be land, raw materials, or labor—is by nature a colonial act and, in this respect, urban settlement may be considered inherently colonial. However, here, the colonial city is defined by two parameters: the city as a nucleus of human settlement dependent on, yet separated from, the agricultural hinterland; and the colonial, which is the domination of a minority population over indigenous peoples (who are usually ethnically, racially, or religiously distinct from their colonizers). Whereas many colonial cities were products of nineteenth-century European domination over non-Western lands, the phenomenon of colonial urbanism has a longer trajectory.

Definitions and Features

The words colony and culture share a common Latin stem—colere—that is, to cultivate. Colonia was the term used to indicate a public settlement ...

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