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The historical development of the capitalist city is a key theme in urban studies and, in many respects, also in the broader social sciences. Capitalism and urbanization are indeed among the leading forces in the evolution of contemporary societies. Although cities existed well before the advent of industrial capitalism, this latter and its subsequent postindustrial (or post-Fordist) version have provided the basic framework for the development of contemporary forms of urbanization. This entry illustrates how the relationship between capitalism and urbanization has evolved over time through the lens of the ways in which urban scholars have theorized and analyzed this relationship. It does so as follows: The first section is dedicated to the discovery of industrializing cities as a laboratory of nascent manufacturing capitalism and ...

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