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Cairo, or Al-Qahira (the Victorious), the Egyptian capital, is the core of a vast metropolitan area (Greater Cairo). In 2004, the city of Cairo, colloquially also referred to as Misr (as is the country), or lovingly as Um Al-Dunya (mother of the world), was estimated to have about 7.6 million inhabitants. The Greater Cairo region, one of the world's most densely populated urban regions, has almost 17 million residents. Greater Cairo includes the city of Cairo (on the east bank of the Nile) with its historic quarters around Fatimid Cairo and Old/Coptic Cairo; older popular quarters like Husainiyah, Shoubra, and Bulaq; colonial quarters like Heliopolis (Misr El Gedida), Zamalek, and Maadi; and postcolonial modernist developments like Medinet Nasr. In between are numerous newer low-income neighborhoods ...

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