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The bungalow has been described as the single form of residential architecture common to all continents. It is a single-story building with a moderately sloped roof, set in a landscaped, spacious urban or peri-urban plot, and occupied by a nuclear family. It is generally interpreted in relation to modern capitalist industrial expansion and its effect on settlement patterns and built forms, as expressed originally in British India. Discussions of the bungalow have therefore focused on tracing its origins, evolution, and sociospatial impact.


Bungalow derives from the Hindi, Mahrati, or Gujurati bangla, meaning “of or belonging to Bengal.” The term was used by Indians and Europeans in India during the seventeenth century. It was anglicized during the eighteenth century, with the standard English spelling first recorded in ...

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