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Street children should be understood in light of a growing global discourse on child labor and children's rights. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child—which stipulates that children have the right to be protected from hazardous work— was drawn up in 1989 and was ratified by all UN member countries except two. Since then there has been a surge of international interest focusing on child labor in developing countries, especially in issues related to the international economy, globalization, and urbanization. Of those children who work in urban areas, many spend their time on the city streets, engaged in a variety of income-generating activities in the informal sector. It is these children who are usually given the generic label of street children. This entry ...

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