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The phrase “space of flows,” most often associated with the later work of Manuel Castells, has come to characterize claims for a spatial reconfiguration of the urban order in an era of globalization. It is argued that cities find themselves in a world where capital, information, people, and economic activities are mobile on an ever-greater spatial scale and with an increasing scope in terms of the size of flows. For cities, this means an old system of settled national hierarchies has been replaced by more fluid, horizontal interrelations. Instead of a hierarchical order of scales (local towns to regional centers to capital cities), with integration meaning going up a level, there is now a more direct set of linkages between different cities cutting across those ...

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