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Concepts come and go. Concepts in social science not only are influenced by academic debates, but also react to, and are molded by, what takes place in the policy arena. Concepts in social science are value-laden and contested. The concept of social exclusion is no different. First used in France, adopted by Prime Minister Jacques Chirac and the French government in 1974, the concept traveled and became increasingly popular among academics, politicians, and bureaucrats alike. In recent years, the use of the concept by the European Union and by the U.K. government has received a great deal of attention. Many scholars attack the use of social exclusion as a concept, just as many have embraced the concept and highlighted its usefulness in explaining and addressing ...

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