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Barrio is a conventional term for Latina/o communities. They have been fundamental to cities since the mid-1800s and were influenced by racism and segregation in relation to residential patterns in U.S. cities. Barrios are also significant in relation to Latina/o culture and identity.

Important physical characteristics of barrios are related to sustainable environmental features, in cluding mixed density, mixed uses (especially commercial uses in residential areas), live–work spaces, public transportation, walking, and recycling. Barrios are also noted for being a cultural community that exhibits the importance of social networks.

Prior to the late twentieth century, key urban problems in relation to structural underdevelopment were a lack of affordable housing, local economic development, and the acute failure of government to address urban amenities, including streets, sewers, gas, and ...

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