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The new urban sociology is a major paradigm developed in the 1970s and 1980s to challenge the fundamental assumptions and explanatory schemes of mainstream urban ecology and sociology. Although there are differences among the various theories that constitute new urban sociology, several major assumptions define the paradigm. First, it eschews strict demographic and variable-oriented analyses and focuses attention on the centrality of human agency and conflict in the determination of cities and urban life. The primary role of powerful economic actors, especially those in the real estate industry, in building and redeveloping cities is a predominant theme and topic among proponents. Another core assumption of the new urban sociology is that metropolitan development and patterns of spatial segregation are not inevitable but result from the ...

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