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The concept of journey to work normally refers to journeys from the residence to the workplace, usually also including the return from the workplace to the home. Commute is often used as a synonym. Often, journeys to work include stops on the way, for example, at kindergartens, coffee shops, kiosks, or grocery stores. In the United States, less than half of the journeys to work are nonstop trips between home and workplace.

In spite of a rapid increase in leisure travel, journeys to work still make up a major proportion of travel in urban areas on weekdays. Among workforce participants in the United States, work tours accounted for 45 percent of the travel time on weekdays and 42 percent of weekday traveling distance in 2001. In ...

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