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Istanbul, previously known as Byzantium and later as Constantinople, can be described as an early modern city of the period 1500 to 1800. It was comparable with other great cities of western and central Europe during that time. This account of early modern Istanbul intends to show the city's urban features that belonged to the era. For much of the period Istanbul was one the most densely populated cities in Europe. It numbered probably 60,000 inhabitants in 1477. These people had been forcibly brought to the city from different areas of the Ottoman Empire following the Ottoman conquest in 1453. There were Muslims and non-Muslims, including Greeks, Armenians, Jews, and Gypsies. By the 1600s Istanbul had more than 300,000 inhabitants. The city's economic growth and ...

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