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The notion and designation of the Heritage City conflates two distinct concepts: city and heritage. City status involves not just size but symbolic importance as well, with the latter a function of history and institutional and political processes. Royal charters, cathedral cities, provincial and administrative cities, and capital cities are all examples. Heritage, on the other hand, is a more recent and fluid concept open to contestation. It involves interpretation of a legacy from the past and therefore requires the identification and valorization of an authentic provenance. This is commonly manifested in terms of buildings, monuments, the physical environment, and artifacts and occurs through individual and group collective memory. Heritage, therefore, is sometimes passed down from previous generations and is of special value and thought ...

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