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Healthy Cities is a worldwide movement developed by the European office of the World Health Organization. It has been implemented formally through WHO in many cities, and others have adopted the model. Grounded in 11 qualities that range from housing to economy and social characteristics such as a supportive community, Healthy Cities goes well beyond the definition of health as an absence of disease. This entry looks at its development and implementation around the world.

Historical Context

Population health and urbanization have been inseparable twins since the dawn of humankind. Cohen, in his 1989 masterpiece of paleo-epidemiology, demonstrates that the shift from nomadic to sedentary and eventually urban lifestyles impacts on occurrence of disease. Still, rural etiology and population pathology differ considerably from urban patterns. Urban ...

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