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The Garden City is a planning concept and model developed by Ebenezer Howard, who founded the Garden City Association in 1899. Howard's writing strongly influenced an early generation of urban planners, as well as the City Beautiful movement in the United States. Two garden cities were built in England in the early 1900s, and urban planners and architects in Europe and South America followed with garden cities in their countries. In the United States, garden cities were promoted by the Regional Planning Association, resulting in the construction of three communities in the 1930s. The Garden City has served as a model for urban development and an inspiration for other planning models to the present day.


In 1899, Ebenezer Howard founded the Garden City Association, a group ...

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