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Genocidal acts directed at select groups continue to appear in the history of human suffering and migration. The planning and implementation of these acts are multifaceted: sexual violence, displacement, loss of property and livelihood, psychological trauma, damage to social capital and infrastructure, poverty, and disease. Genocide, both the 15 major ethno-political violence genocides reported in the last century and the many unrecognized genocides within the history of colonization, is a tragic phenomenon of human interaction that increasingly brings into collision perpetrators, the victimized, observers, and humanitarians.

Steven Baum, in a partial list of 20th-century genocides, notes that 262 million individuals have been murdered by governments as a result of genocide, massacres, mass murder, extrajudicial executions, assassinations, atrocities, and intentional famines. Steven K. Baum has written extensively ...

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