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Family-Based Treatment for Child Traumatic Stress

Children are embedded in families, and their well-being is tied to family support and functioning. This is especially true for children exposed to trauma. Parent response, parent-child relationships, and family support influence a child's functioning after trauma exposures. The relational and systemic nature of traumatic stress responses exaggerates the role of the family as a protective and/or risk factor for children who experience trauma. Thus, the family plays a critical role in the associations between children's exposure to trauma and the subsequent level of functioning at both the individual and family level. Dimensions of family functioning related to child adjustment to trauma include protection from danger, normalcy, and support.

A primary function of the family is providing immature family members with protection. A traumatic event represents ...

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