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Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a treatment procedure that addresses the unwanted effects of traumatic stress. EMDR was developed by psychologist Francine Shapiro following a personal discovery that focusing on distressing material while her eyes were moving from side to side resulted in a reduction in distress. She tested and experimented with this effect and developed a treatment protocol that is delivered in eight stages. The first two stages involve reviewing the client's history and assessing their preparedness for EMDR. This includes assessing the nature of any current and past traumas and the client's ability to be able to engage in the process. A critical part of this assessment phase is to determine whether the person has the emotional resources to tolerate the ...

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