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Dissociative Identity Disorder and Trauma

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a psychological disorder that is included in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders under the category of Dissociative Disorders. DID is estimated to afflict from 1% to 3% of the population and occurs in cases of severe childhood trauma, such as ongoing childhood sexual abuse and/or severe physical abuse and thus is included as a trauma disorder. This entry presents a description of DID, followed by discussion of alternate identities that an individual with DID experiences, common comorbidities, causes of the disorder, iatrogenesis, and a brief summary of treatment goals and processes.

Description of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Individuals who meet criteria for DID experience the existence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (referred to ...

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