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Cognitive restructuring (CR) is a central component of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), one of the treatments of choice for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other emotional disorders. At its core, CBT is an integrative approach founded on the assumption that both cognitive and behavioral processes can cause and maintain anxiety. It is a short-term psychological treatment that is based on the underlying theoretical rationale that an individual's affect and behavior are largely determined by the way in which he or she thinks about the world. Accordingly, CBT therapists aim to teach their patients to recognize connections between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and to identify and modify maladaptive patterns of thinking. A rape survivor, for instance, may interpret recurrent intrusive memories experienced after the assault ...

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