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Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an umbrella term for a variety of structured, goal-oriented, and present-focused psychotherapy approaches and is also used to refer to therapy that is based on basic behavioral and cognitive research. Its origin lies in a merging of behavior therapy with cognitive therapy in the 1950s and 1960s, which was pioneered by Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. CBT characteristically involves a clear operationalization of treatment goals, is based on empirical data, and involves ongoing measurement of changes in cognition and behavior. CBT has been shown to be effective for a large range of mental health problems at different levels of severity, including but not limited to mood and anxiety disorders, substance abuse, psychotic disorders, personality disorders, and eating disorders.

CBT adopts ...

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