Traumatic Stress and Resilience
Although estimates vary, it is generally accepted that between 9% and 15% of individuals who are exposed to a traumatic event subsequently develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although it is [Page 757]important to continue to study the dynamics of traumatization, it seems equally important to investigate the dynamics of resiliency.
The term resilience is generally defined as the ability to withstand, adapt to, or rebound from adversity. This traditional definition, although simple, fails to be sensitive to the realization that different characteristics, or attributes, may support adaptation rather than the ability to rebound from adversity.
The Johns Hopkins model of resistance, resiliency, and recovery was developed and offered as a means of gaining necessary clarity and specificity. This entry will address resistance and resilience.
Resistance was the term ...