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Social Support and Trauma

When dealing with trauma victims, social support is commonly thought of in three areas: perceived support, enacted support, and social integration. Perceived support refers to an individual's judgment that services or providers will be available to offer effective help and support in times of need. Enacted support, also described as support received during a crisis or traumatic situation, refers to specific supportive services or actions provided by agencies, providers, or organizations in times of crisis or need. Social integration refers to the extent someone who receives supportive services is connected to or within a social network. These networks can take a number of different forms such as family relationships, church memberships, circles of friends, work environments, and organizations that allow the individual a sense of ...

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