The Sanctuary Model is an evidence-supported, theory-based, trauma-informed, whole organizational approach for human service delivery systems. This model provides a clear and structured methodology for creating trauma-informed systems of care. This entry describes the development and philosophy of the Sanctuary Model, then discusses the Sanctuary Toolkit and other features of the model.


Originally developed from 1985 to 1991 in an acute care, community hospital-based, psychiatric unit for adults, from 1991 to its closure in 2001, the sanctuary was an inpatient program designed to treat the complex problems of adults who had been maltreated as children. Although many people have been associated with the creation and development of the Sanctuary Model, Sandra L. Bloom is generally recognized as the founder of the program. The first published description ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles