Although much research indicates that ethnic identity conveys numerous benefits for psychological and physical well-being, there have been few studies of the role of trauma in ethnic and cultural identity. Different aspects of ethnic identity may constitute risk or resiliency factors depending on the context of cultural and individual trauma. In addition, cultural trauma is a powerful force that may shape ethnic and cultural identities over generations.

Ethnic Identity and Trauma

According to Jean Phinney and colleagues, ethnic identity refers to one's sense of belonging to a group defined by shared cultural heritage, including values, traditions, and language. Ethnic identity has several components, including self-categorization as a member of a particular ethnic group; commitment or the sense of belonging, attachment, and understanding of one's own group; ...

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