According to Global Trends, a 2010 report published by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), 43.3 million people were forced from their homes and villages in 2009, the largest number since the 1990s. Within this group, 15.2 million people claimed refugee status, 27.1 million people were internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 983,000 were asylum seekers. The conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan, and Somalia accounted for the increase in the number of internally displaced persons worldwide. The UNHCR reported that 2.2 million displaced persons returned to their country of origin, and 251,500 refugees repatriated voluntarily. In this entry, the status of refugees worldwide are reported, psychosocial factors affecting the mental health of refugees living in refugee camps are reviewed, and ...

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