Rape has existed probably since the beginnings of human civilization, but it has not always been considered a crime. Rape has historically been used as a means of power and control and sometimes reward for the perpetrator. Well into the mid-20th century, it was common to hide rape, not talk about it, and not address it. People only sought help for physical injuries that may have occurred from the attack. There was very little, if any, retribution for the perpetrator. During the last 50 years, however, through much legislation and research, there has been an evolution in defining what constitutes rape, as well as community and mental health advances to help victims after experiencing such trauma. The research evaluated factors such as the demographics ...

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