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Race-Based Traumatic Stress

The term racism-induced trauma is new to the psychological literature. Only in the last 15 years or so have traditional conceptions of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) been enlarged and new writings have argued for incorporating racism as a psychosocial stressor. Theorists assert that racism is linked to a variety of additional traumas. This type of racism has also been termed societal trauma, intergenerational trauma, racist incident–based trauma, insidious trauma, psychological trauma, and emotional abusiveness. This entry discusses the impact of racism-induced trauma on minority and majority members, and recommends steps to address this type of racism.

Prevalence and Impact

Hope Landrine, Elizabeth Klonoff, Robert Carter, Jessica Forsyth, and their colleagues have indicated that racism-induced trauma is widespread, with reports of 89% to 91% of racial minorities experiencing ...

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