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Protective Factors in Childhood Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Most people will likely experience at least one traumatic event (witnessing, exposure to, or incurring a severe injury, natural disaster, neglect, violence, or abuse) during their lives. For millions of individuals around the world, this often occurs at some point during childhood. The potential psychological effects of these adverse events can cause far-ranging complications in many aspects of one's functioning throughout one's life span (social, cognitive, physical, and psychological). Children can be particularly vulnerable to such negative effects because they may lack the appropriate coping resources needed to successfully process and recover from these situations. Despite the increased risk, some children are able to effectively negate some or all of these potential consequences or not be as adversely affected. For example, it has been estimated ...

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