International crimes are violations of international law that shock the consciences of all people throughout the international community. Just as state crimes victimize all members of the state, international crimes victimize all members of the international community. Crimes against the peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity were first prosecuted at the international military tribunals at Nüremberg and Tokyo after World War II. Subsequently, these were affirmed as crimes under international law included in the Nüremberg Principles of 1950, which had previously been affirmed by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in 1946. Also in 1946, the General Assembly affirmed genocide as a crime under international law. Therefore, international crimes, in the strictest sense, include the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and ...

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