Transnational crime occurs when criminal activity begins in one nation and crosses one or more national boundaries. Alternative forms of transnational crime consist of criminal activity with agents in multiple countries working in collusion. Direct human victimization includes: slave trade, illegal sweatshop laborers, kidnapping for ransoms, and human trafficking. Transnational environmental crimes include: wildlife trafficking, unauthorized hazardous waste dumping, trading illegal biohazards, and smuggling illegal timber and precious metals. Transnational monetary crimes include: sea piracy, drug trafficking, smuggling unauthorized medicines, money laundering, and bribery. High geographical dispersion of organized crime contributes to the difficulty in identifying informants and collecting reliable data. Great geographic distances between the national borders of the criminal activity require governmental reporting of such crimes, which frequently relies on biased secondary data ...

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