In relation to transnational crimes, commissions and payoffs are forms of potentially corrupt activities that involve the giving, offering, receiving, or soliciting of bribes or inducements, most often in the context of international business transactions, especially in relation to the granting of contracts or permissions to trade. These transactions usually occur between companies (private bribery) and/or between companies and public officials (public corruption), but individuals may also be convicted without corporations being charged, even in those countries that have corporate criminal liability on their statutes. Such commissions and payoffs therefore involve the giving or offering of an advantage to induce a service or a specified action or omission. These desired services, actions, and/or omissions can be for legal activities (such as public contracts) or illegal ...

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