Transnational intimidation by violence comprises threats of or actual violence that involves citizens or governments from various nation-states or the transfer of goods or people internationally. Although legal transnational interactions and migration certainly may involve violence, transnational crime particularly fosters violent abuses. Consequently, this entry will discuss organized crime and gangs, terrorism, human trafficking, hate crime, and violence based on gender or sexual identity. Technological developments have additionally facilitated transnational criminal communication, harassment, threats, and detection, so these will also be covered.

Transnational Crime

In the prior few decades, transnational crime has gone up as a result of globalization and the increased ease of moving goods, resources, and individuals around the world. Large economic disparities within and between countries, as well as political conflicts, facilitate and ...

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