From 1854 to 1930, reformers sent more than 150,000 children on trains from cities on the eastern seaboard to predominantly Midwestern farms. Called “orphan trains,” these placements originated from a child welfare philosophy known as the “placing-out system.” This philosophy reflected ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles