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Three countries among the five world’s top tourism destinations are in Europe: France, Spain, and Italy. These three countries link across national borders in a number of different ways, including motorways, highways, seaways, and airlines. Railway travel also provides interconnection for the locals and tourists alike between the three countries as well as between them and the neighboring European states such as Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, and Britain.

Since its inception in 1830s in the United Kingdom, railway has always been a crucial element of transport, economic development, mobility, cultural exchange, and tourism in Europe. For long decades, it was the symbol and conveyor of modernity, a sign that represented a new era. In the beginning of 21st century, railways in Europe experienced a second ...

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