Nauru is a tiny Commonwealth of Nations island northeast of Australia. Officially called the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, it is an island country in Micronesia in the Central Pacific 42 kilometers south of the equator. Its nearest neighbor is Banaba (Ocean) Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometers (186 miles) to the east. With approximately 10,000 residents in a 21-square-kilometer (8.1 mi2) area, it is the smallest state in the South Pacific and second smallest state by population in the world, behind Vatican City only.

The people of Nauru comprised 12 tribes, which are called Eamwit, Eamwitmwit, Ranibok, Irutsi, Iruwa, Eamwidara, Eaoru, Emangum, Deiboe, Eano, Emea, and Iwi. They are symbolized by a 12-pointed star on the national flag, which consists of navy ...

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