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The Republic of Kenya, a country in east Central Africa, became independent from British colonial rule on December 12, 1963. Situated just south of the Horn of Africa on the Indian Ocean and containing fertile highlands, lowland plains, and high mountains, the country is inhabited by 42 tribes. Covering an area of 582,646 square kilometers and with a population of 47.2 million (2015 estimate), Kenya’s prosperity rests on agriculture. After 1963, it depended mainly on the export of coffee and tea to earn foreign exchange.

Tourism is the third-largest foreign exchange earner after tea and horticulture. It has contributed immensely to the social and economic development of the country. The ethnic diversity, a vibrant culture, scenic beauty, abundant wildlife, wild habitats, deep forest, open savannah, lakes, ...

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