Iran is a country in southwestern Asia that is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world and has a rich heritage of culture, art, nature, and fine food that it could exploit in the tourism sector. Etymologically, Iran derives from the middle Persian ērān and ērānšahr, terms used in the Sasanian Empire (224–651 CE).

Being the heart of the storied Persian Empire of antiquity, Iran was one of the most important countries along the ancient Silk Road. Through the centuries, numerous travelers, as early as Herodotus (484–425 BCE) and Marco Polo (1254–1324 CE), and many others in search of adventure or trade have visited the country and described the land and its people in their travelogues. Considering the periods that these travelers ...

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