The Guatemalan economy has been subject to numerous and ongoing shocks and regime shifts in recent decades, including the social and political crises associated with the civil struggles of the 1990s, economic sanctions, a volatile international oil market, and international global recessions. In spite of instability in the Middle East, increased internal safety and security concerns, oil crises, and global economic recessions, however, Guatemala’s international tourism, whether measured by tourist arrivals, revenues derived from tourism, or employment in the tourism sector, continues to steadily expand. Tourism has already become its primary generator of foreign exchange earnings.

In terms of geographic distribution of tourism research studies in the last 6 decades, a map of Central America (including Guatemala) exhibits a vast empty space. This pattern may reflect ...

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