Estonia is located in northern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the west, the Gulf of Finland to the north, Latvia to the south, and Russia to the east. Estonia is the 133rd largest country in the world (45,227 km2; 17,462 mi2), and the 158th most populous (1.26 million; 2014 estimate), with an estimated GDP (2013) of $29.9 billion. Estonia is a member of the European Union, the Schengen free movement area (EU citizens), and the eurozone, having adopted the euro as its currency. Estonia is located in the temperate climate zone and is influenced by both maritime and humid continental climates. Estonia has over 1,500 islands and over 1,400 lakes, and it is covered by almost 50% forest. The terrain consists of lowlands ...

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