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Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Eastern Province is located at the east of the Arabian Gulf, sharing borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates. It is the largest of the 13 Saudi provinces with an area of 672,552 square kilometers. It is home to 12 major Saudi cities with Dammam being the capital of the province. In 2010, 4.1 million inhabitants lived in Eastern Province with the majority living in the capital. Foreigners make up 29% of the population, accounting for 1.2 million inhabitants. Most of Saudi Arabia’s oil production occurs in Eastern Province, with major industrial cities and refining centers.

The province’s coastal area includes four of its major cities: Al Khobar, Dammam, Al Jubail, and Ras Tanura. Temperatures in the area rise during summer ...

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